Subsidies from more than 30 provinces and cities a

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More than 30 provinces and cities have frequently implemented subsidies, charging piles have entered the "explosion era"

reduce vehicle subsidies and increase charging pile subsidies. For the healthy development of the new energy vehicle industry, many cities have recently adjusted their subsidy policies

according to the notice of Shenzhen Finance Commission and Shenzhen Development and Reform Commission on July 26, which issued the "2017 financial support policy for the promotion and application of new energy vehicles in Shenzhen", the automobile subsidies have been significantly reduced. At the same time, the subsidy for charging piles is twice that of last year. Among them, the subsidy standard for new DC charging equipment was increased from the original 300 yuan/kW to 600 yuan/kW, and the subsidy for AC charging equipment was increased from 150 yuan/kW to 300 yuan/kW

21st Century Business Herald found that more than 30 provinces and cities, including Beijing, Tangshan, Guiyang, Xiamen and Shijiazhuang, have defined the amount of subsidies for charging piles in their policies

"now electric vehicles are at the forefront, and we need to promote infrastructure construction." Wang Binggang, leader of the national new energy vehicle technology innovation project expert group, compared electric vehicles and charging piles to two legs

according to the data released by Beijing on August 8, which has the largest number of charging piles, as of the end of June this year, about 92300 charging piles have been built, forming a public charging network with an average service radius of 5 kilometers within the Sixth Ring Road, and the charging pile network will continue to expand in the second half of the year. According to the target, Beijing will build about 435000 electric vehicle charging piles by 2020

from lagging construction to "moderately ahead", the industry expects that the charging pile industry will usher in great development in the next three years, with a market scale of 100 billion

the number of charging piles has "exploded"

according to the national policy, in 2017, the subsidy amount of new energy vehicles was reduced by 20% compared with that in 2016, and the local financial subsidy should not exceed 50% of the central single vehicle subsidy. By 2020, the subsidy for individuals to purchase pure electric vehicles will be completely abolished

according to this policy, cities have adjusted the amount of subsidies for new energy vehicles

take Shenzhen as an example, the subsidy standard for pure electric passenger vehicles with a range of kilometers decreased from 25000 yuan last year to 10000 yuan this year, from 45000 yuan to 18000 yuan between kilometers, and from 60000 yuan to 22000 yuan for vehicles with a range of more than or equal to 250 kilometers

in addition, the subsidy standards for new energy vehicles in Hangzhou, Shanghai, Beijing and other places have also been significantly reduced

correspondingly, major cities have begun to actively develop charging piles. One can see the clue from a public announcement of a listed company: at the beginning of August, zhongyeda () said in response to investors' questions on the interactive platform that the company's charging pile station business had project orders and completed project pilot projects in Zhuhai, Shantou, Chengdu, Zhengzhou, Hainan, Hunan and other places

the latest release of charging pile data is Beijing. According to the Beijing Municipal Commission of urban administration on August 8, by the end of June 2017, about 92300 charging piles had been built in Beijing, focusing on the charging demand of electric vehicles in different fields

among them, about 65000 private areas have been built, and the allocation ratio is about 75%; In the social public sector, 1873 public parking areas, including shopping malls, business districts, transportation hubs, office buildings, highway service areas, park attractions, gas stations, have been built, with about 17000, basically forming a public charging network with an average service radius of 5 kilometers within the sixth ring road. In the public private sector, more than 1190 charging and replacement electric field stations and more than 10300 charging piles have been built

it is reported that this year, Beijing plans to build 3000 public charging piles, and study the tear test of the electronic universal testing machine for charging piles in the new building supporting parking lot, in order to calculate the tear strength value and carry out a fixed proportion

according to the special plan of Beijing electric vehicle charging infrastructure () issued by the Beijing Municipal Development and Reform Commission, about 435000 electric vehicle charging piles will be built by 2020, effectively ensuring the charging demand of 600000 electric vehicles at that time. By 2020, the charging service radius of key areas such as urban core area, Tongzhou new city, Yizhuang and Yanqing Winter Olympics area will be less than 0.9 km

in other words, Beijing will usher in a "big explosion" in the number of charging piles in the next few years. In fact, in addition to Beijing, many places have high enthusiasm for the construction of charging piles. For example, by 2020, the scale of charging piles for new energy vehicles in Shanghai will reach at least 211000; About 350000 decentralized charging piles will be built in Guangdong

according to the statistics of China electric vehicle charging infrastructure promotion alliance, as of June 2017, member units nationwide reported a total of 171609 public charging piles, more than three times the 49000 at the end of 2015

according to the guidance on energy work in 2017 issued by the national energy administration, 900000 charging piles are planned to be built in 2017. Among them, there are 100000 public charging piles and 800000 private charging piles

in addition, according to the 13th five year plan for energy development, "four vertical and four horizontal" intercity electric vehicle rapid charging networks will be built by 2020, with more than 800 intercity rapid charging stations added. More than 12000 centralized charging and replacement power stations and more than 4.8 million decentralized charging piles were added to meet the charging and replacement needs of 5million electric vehicles nationwide

more than 30 provinces and cities have shown that the leaf spring with nonlinear characteristics also needs to measure and record the arc height table subsidy policy under the specified load and reference load.

according to the annual report on the development of China's electric vehicle charging infrastructure () jointly prepared by the National Energy Administration and the China electric vehicle charging infrastructure promotion alliance, at present, more than 30 provinces and cities have issued charging facility construction subsidy policies and increased subsidies, The subsidy can be up to 30% of the facility investment

according to the statistics of the national situation in the 21st century economic report, the subsidy policies for the construction of urban charging piles can be roughly divided into four categories

the first category is to subsidize according to the total investment or investment amount

for example, according to the special plan of Beijing electric vehicle charging infrastructure (year), Beijing will provide the municipal government fixed asset subsidy fund support of no more than 30% of the total investment of the project to the public charging facilities that meet the corresponding conditions

similarly, Tangshan City, according to local policies, gives a one-time subsidy of 20% of the total investment in infrastructure construction. 2 it is to promote the progress and development of plastic blending technology, new products of plastic additives and utilization technology. Guiyang will reward enterprises that complete the construction of charging facilities with a proportion of no more than 10% of the total investment. In addition, Xiamen will give financial subsidies of 20% of the investment in charging station equipment to newly-built public charging facilities

the second category is quota subsidies. For example, Shanxi Jincheng stipulates that the subsidy for AC charging piles is 3000 yuan, the subsidy for fast charging stations is 600000 yuan, and the subsidy for bus charging and replacement stations is 1million yuan

the third type is to give subsidies according to power, which is also the most widely used way

this is the case in Shenzhen, which recently adjusted the subsidy policy. In addition, Nanjing, which also adjusted the subsidy policy this year, subsidized 600 yuan per kW for AC charging piles and 900 yuan per kW for DC charging piles

the fourth category is to superimpose operation subsidies on the basis of construction subsidies. For example, Shanghai subsidizes the charging and replacement facilities of public transport, sanitation and other industries at the standard of 0.1 yuan/kWh, and the annual maximum subsidy of kW charging power is 2000 kwh; Other public charging and replacement facilities are subsidized at the standard of 0.2 yuan/kWh, with the upper limit of 1000 kwh

however, with the increase of subsidies, the low utilization rate of built charging piles and the occupation of charging space by fuel vehicles continue to occur, which raises the question of "white subsidy" of charging piles. In particular, with the example of new energy vehicles cheating on subsidies, there is an increasing call for "strict assessment" of the subsidy standards for charging piles

in this regard, Wang Binggang suggested that the management and supervision of the distribution and use of subsidy funds should be strengthened, and the system should be clarified to use the money in practice. "It's not that Jiancheng can get subsidies, but only after it operates effectively."

in fact, some cities have noticed this and set a subsidy threshold. Wuhan requires that charging facilities applying for financial subsidy funds must be used normally for at least 5 years, otherwise the subsidized party must return the funds

Shenzhen requires that the completed charging facilities should be connected to the Shenzhen new energy vehicle charging facilities service operation monitoring platform, and a single operator can apply for subsidies only when the total power of the charging pile is 8000kw

In addition to preferential policies such as subsidies, land and electricity prices, Wang Binggang also suggested that attention should be paid to private night charging. "Private charging facilities should be based on decentralized charging piles, and the charging methods should be slow charging at night, low peak power, supplemented by other methods such as public charging stations. Now most of the attention is on large charging stations and fast charging stations. Too much construction will lead to the reduction of charging efficiency, and car owners often have to queue up for charging."

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